The BTR-80 is a wheeled amphibious combat vehicle designed to carry infantry and marines to the battlefield, support them with fire and enable them to fire from inside the vehicle. The armoured personnel carrier mounts a turreted 14.5-mm KPVT machinegun and a coaxial 7.62-mm PKT machinegun, with their laying angles ranging from -4 deg. to +60 deg. in elevation and 360 deg. in azimuth. The vehicle is fitted with a smoke grenade discharger system, communications gear, a WMD protection system, fire-suppressant equipment, bilge pumps and a habitability system.
The BTR-80’s strengths include the 260-hp KAMAZ-7403 diesel powerplant commonised with that of a most widespread military and commercial truck.
The BTR-80 uses the KI-80 or KI-126 bullet-resistant tyres enabling it to keep on moving after one or two wheeled have been rendered inefficient. Dismounting, including that on the move, has been made much easier through introduction of larger clamshell side doors, whose lower segments are used as footboards. The field of fire of the infantry squad’s small arms has been expanded much, based on the lessons learnt from the APC’s tactical use in the mountainous terrain of Afghanistan. The vehicle mounts the BPU-1 machinegun turret with the 60-deg. elevation angle and advanced 1PZ-2 optical sight that allows antiaircraft fire. To deploy smokescreens, the APC has been furnished with the 902V system comprising six smoke dischargers mounted on the rear outer wall of the turret.
Earlier-series BTR-80s carried R-123 radios that were replaced later with more advanced R-163-50U.
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